Desmoplastic Infantile Ganglioglioma

July 13, 2015 -

Desmoplastic infantile ganglioglioma (DIG) is a rare type of brain tumor that can appear during childhood. A tumor begins when cells start to change and grow at an abnormal rate. A tumor can either be benign or malignant. A benign tumor means it will not spread, but a malignant tumor is cancerous and can spread to other parts of the body.

Desmoplastic infantile ganglioglioma is a tumor that starts in the glial cells; a glioma. Glioma is supportive cells in the brain. DIG usually occurs on one side of the brain and is common in children less than a year old. DIG is made up of more than one type of cell and contains cysts. There is a thought that DIG might even begin before a baby is born.

DIG was first classified as a low-grade tumor. It was a slow-growing tumor that was noncancerous. Now, it is considered a high-grade tumor because in some instances it grows more quickly and is more likely to spread to other parts of the body.

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