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Oolong Tea May Be a Good Chemopreventive Agent for Colon Cancer

July 5, 2016 -

A new flavone derivative, chafuroside, has been isolated as a strong anti-inflammatory compound from oolong tea leaves, and its structure determined to be (2R,3S,4S,4aS,11bS)-3,4,11-trihydroxy-2-(hydroxymethyl)-8-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-3,4,4a,11b-tetrahydro-2H,10H-pyrano[2′,3′:4,5]furo[3,2-g]chromen-10-one.

To assess its potential to inhibit intestinal carcinogenesis, 2.5, 5 and 10 p.p.m. chafuroside was given in the diet to Apc-deficient Min mice for 14 weeks from 6 weeks of age. Total numbers of polyps were reduced to 83, 73 and 56% of the control value, respectively. Moreover, dietary administration at 10 and 20 p.p.m. reduced azoxymethane (AOM)-induced colon aberrant crypt foci (ACF) development in rats to 69% of the AOM-treated control value with the higher dose. Chafuroside-associated toxicity was not observed at 2.5-10 p.p.m. in Min mice and 10-20 p.p.m. in AOM-treated rats.

These results suggest that chafuroside might be a good chemopreventive agent for colon cancer.

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