Ovarian Cancer

August 11, 2015 -

Epithelial ovarian tumors begin in the woman’s ovaries. Most epithelial ovarian tumors are benign and do not usually lead to serious illness. There are other types of benign epithelial tumors such as serous cystadenomas, mucinous cystadenomas, and Brenner tumors.

Tumors of low malignant potential (LMP) are also known as borderline epithelial ovarian cancer. These tumors are different in that they do not typically grow into the supporting tissue of the ovary. However, if they do spread outside the ovary they might develop on the lining of the abdomen, but they do not normally grow into it. LMP tumors more commonly affect younger woman than the typical ovarian cancers. They grow more slowly and are less life threatening than most ovarian cancers, but should still be monitored and paid attention to.

Malignant epithelial ovarian tumor account for about 85 to 90% of ovarian cancer and is cancerous. When under a microscope, it is easy to classify the epithelial ovarian carcinomas into different types and determine its grade and stage. The tumor stage explains how much the cancer has spread from its original point. Epithelial ovarian cancers tend to first spread to the lining and organs of the pelvis and abdomen. As the cancer becomes more advanced, they may spread to the lung and liver and it can rarely, spread to the brain, bones, or skin.

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